Farmers referred to as the backbone of our country. But the irony is the condition of farmers in India is critical. The situation has occurred as they don’t get enough pay for their product as middlemen get most of the money. The Modi government has announced farm bills to free farmers from the shackle of the middlemen.
The Three Farm Bills
The government introduced three farm bills. These bills are- The Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020; The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020; and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill.
The government stated that these bills will allow farmers to sell their products at a higher price and provide more opportunities.
The small and migrant farmers, especially of the region of northern Punjab and Haryana fear that in the long term, it will demolish the minimum security price mechanism. Farmers protested against the farm bills as today with the presence of MSP, only six per cent of farmers get their MSP price for the products. However, the remaining 94 per cent forced to sell their products below the MSP decided by the government.
Despite the bad reputation of APMC, some farmers believe that mendi mechanism allow them some assurance over price. They said in compare to the place where Agriculture Produce Marketing Committee Act has been abolished. Farmers worry that in the absence of APMC, the corporate will have complete control over the price.
The MSP data over the last decade discloses that MSP for all crops — Kharif and Rabi — have declined on an average. Now with the farm bills, farmers are more worried that it will further dilute the price guarantee on the cops. Even the government tried to ensure them that no such situation will occur, but farmers are hard to convenience.